There are many studies that have verified the many benefits of the relationship between children and pets.
One of the most comprehensive is the Companion Animals and Child / Adolescent Development: A Systematic Review of the Evidence published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health a few years ago.
This research explores different aspects for different age groups, from children to adolescents, considering many points of view and focusing in particular on the behavioral and emotional areas.
In fact, the study stressed the connection between pets, children (or teenagers) and benefits on the development of self- esteem , the management of anxiety and stress.
However, it is important that parents immediately teach children to respect their pet, for example not to disturb him while he eats or takes a nap.
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Other researches, which have deepened the relationship between children and dogs, have shown that children who have a pet live less conflictual relationships with their peers and solve their problems in a natural and satisfying way.
There are no real contraindications relating to coexistence between even a very small child with a pet, but you must always be vigilant and never leave them alone. When a newborn arrives in the family, we must be careful not to exclude our furry friend from the family company in order not to trigger jealousy reactions that could be dangerous.
When the child is older and can have a more conscious relationship with his pet, taking care of him will help him to mature in a more balanced way and to have greater empathy with other people as well.
Having a dog, for example, leads the child to carry out constant physical activity while having fun and this will keep him away from the dangers of overweight and obesity that afflict so many children in recent years.
Furthermore, the communication skills will also be more developed, because the child will learn not only the verbal language he uses when talking to his playmate, but also the body language that animals use and in a short time he will come to understand that each verse o posture has a meaning: the purr of the cat indicates that it is happy or how the wagging of the dog means happiness or an invitation to play.
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Finally, for shy and introverted children, trusty and cat become the friends to whom to tell one’s secrets without fear of negative judgments and this relationship is often a precious bridge used to avoid closing in on oneself when in difficulty. A positive relationship with an animal therefore means ensuring that sense of security and protection that is characteristic of emotional relationships, that is, being able to count on the other without any fear.